Guide to Winter Cycling

Winter Cycling Guide Header Image

Biking in the winter can be an amazing time to ride! But it can also go badly, it all depends on your gear. It’s completely different than cycling at other times of the year. (We are talking about winter with snow, lots of snow, and also really cold temperatures – maybe below 0.) There is a serenity that can only be found in the winter – but not with frozen toes! If you have the right gear, the cold only adds to your adventure. Watch our video and read below about the gear you need to get into winter riding – and enjoy it!

Get prepared to ride this winter with the right bike and gear!

The Bike

The obvious choice for winter riding is a fat bike, but they’re not the only option. Fat bikes were originally made for snow, but now people ride them everywhere: snow, dirt, pavement, and beaches. You name it, a fat bike can do it. But where they shine, both in performance and fun is in the winter and snow. That doesn’t mean you NEED a fat bike to ride in the wintertime though, most any bike can be set up to perform safely in the winter. If you are setting up your daily commuter for winter riding, there will be some must-have changes to have a great winter biking experience.

Bike Weight

Like anything in cycling, weight is important.  The heavier your bike is, the more weight you have to move. Fat bikes already have more weight than your average bike because of the massive tires. Even so, it is surprising how light these bikes can be despite their appearance. Before moving on, it’s important to note that electric fat bikes or electric bikes, in general, will make bike weight a non-issue.

Most bike frames are either steel, aluminum, or carbon. Steel frames are typically the least expensive but the heaviest which makes you less efficient and the bike harder to maneuver. Mid-range fat bikes usually have aluminum frames. They are lighter and stiffer than steel. At the higher end, most frames are carbon. Carbon frames are light making you more efficient. They are easy to handle and typically have more give making for a smooth ride. 

While the higher-end, lighter models tend to be made of carbon, aluminum versions can be impressively light as well. In many cases, you can also save a lot of weight in a more cost-effective way by upgrading the wheels.

Check out our great selection of fat bikes here.

To have Suspension (Or Not)

The suspension keeps the tires in contact with the ground for greater control and provides increased comfort to the rider. It has been common on mountain bikes for years now.

So why is it less common on a fat bike, especially those ridden in cold conditions? First, you inherently get some suspension from the high-volume tires of a fat bike running at low pressures. Second, cold temperatures are going to affect the performance of the suspension. When the oil that is in the suspension gets cold, it is going to flow slower, changing the characteristics of that suspension part. If the suspension is air spring (using air pressure), the volume of the air is going to be affected by changes in temperature as well. Plus, any plastic or rubber seal will also harden in cold temperatures which can affect performance.

Tire Width and Studs for your winter bike setup

studded fat bike tire

The one thing that every fat bike has in common is wide tires. Generally, bikes with tires 3.8 inches or wider are considered fat bikes, but now there are tires 4 or even 5 inches wide. Because the volume of the tire is so great, they can be run at very low PSIs – 5 PSI or lower. Low tire pressure lets the tire “squat” more and provides a bigger contact patch. This makes for more float on snow and increased grip.

A great way to gain extra traction (and this is incredibly important for winter bikers who aren’t riding fat bikes) is studded tires. Studded tires have small metal “spikes” on the tire treads that help grip ice and keep you and your bike upright. Especially when temperatures fluctuate, groomed trails, bike paths, and roads can turn icy. It doesn’t matter how big the tires are or how much tread there is, they will slip on ice. Studded tires are your best bet to keep traction in icy conditions. Without studs, many riders will find that their trails are unrideable for much of the winter, or find themselves falling a lot which can take the fun out of winter riding.

Check out our great selection of studded tires here.

Apparel and Layering for winter biking

person standing with winter gear on with eye wear, balaclava, gloves, and windproof jacket labeled

Gearing up to ride in the winter is a little more complicated than summer riding. You need to be strategic and not over-dress, yet have enough insulation and wind-blocking layers so that you stay comfortable as temps drop or winds shift. It is important to remember that air temperature is only one part of the equation when riding. You are creating additional wind chill when riding, which is a more significant factor as temperatures dip. But with the right gear, you can stay comfortable riding throughout the winter. We have a great article on The Art of Layering that explains why layering is so important.

Key pieces of gear for winter riding include:

Pro Tip from our in-house daily commuter that even sub-zero temps and a broken finger can’t stop: Always ride with a spare pair of mittens/gloves.

Maintaining your bike while winter riding

Winter conditions are harder on your bike than dry summer conditions, between the wetness, salt, and more, riding bikes in the winter comes with some extra work between rides. There are key things you’ll need to do to keep your bike in good shape and rolling throughout the season.

Must-Do Winter Riding Bike Care

  • Clean your chain and gears every few rides, and keep them lubricated. Salt build-up on these moving parts can cause some damage and lead to expensive repairs/parts replacements. Regularly clean and lube these parts!
  • Wipe down your bike after every ride. This is an important step for your bike and floors. Drying your bike will help prevent damage, and it will also keep your floors clean and salt-free. Salt build-up under your bike will make a mess and can permanently damage some flooring types. Some people go as far as to put some type of mat under their bikes in the winter.
  • Check your brakes before every ride. We all know why bikes need brakes, they’re even more important to keep in top-notch shape in the winter.
  • Check/adjust your tire pressure! Proper tire pressure plays a huge role in having a good time in winter riding. We recommend keeping a gauge on you while you ride. Remember, your tire pressure will change when you go from your warm house to the cold air – so it’s best to adjust your pressure outside.
  • CHARGE YOUR LIGHTS after every ride. Daylight fades (almost too) fast in the winter. Cold temps can make batteries die faster, and no one wants to ride in the dark without lights. Make a habit of charging your lights after every ride. You can take it a step further by carrying a spare.
  • Store your e-bike indoors! If you can’t store the entire bike inside, make sure to always bring your battery in.
  • Get a tune-up! A professional tune-up will be more in-depth and make sure all parts of your bike are in top-notch shape and rolling properly. Winter is also a good time to take advantage of service specials!

Winter Biking Accessories

person biking on fat tire bike with helmet jersey and pogies labeled


Pogies attach to your handlebars and are designed to trap heat in and keep the wind and cold out, almost like little ovens. This allows you to wear lighter-weight gloves so you can more easily operate the brakes and shifters on the bike. Pogies are one of the best investments to help you stay warm and enjoy winter biking.

See our great selection of pogies here.


Lights are indispensable for any cyclist, but if your plans include winter biking, they’re even more valuable. The shorter days and varied weather conditions mean you are more likely to be riding in low-light or no-light conditions. Many experienced winter riders will tell you that riding snowy singletrack at night is amazing. But make sure you get lights that have enough power. If you are riding paved trails, look for lights with a minimum of 500+ lumens. If you are riding singletrack, you’ll need at least 1000+ lumens. Check out Choosing the Best Bike Lights for Night Riding to learn more.

See our great selection of lights here.

Winter cycling gear detailed with man on bike


While you might not think about fenders when riding through fresh powder, winter conditions can literally toss all sorts of stuff at you. Fenders will help keep the snow, salt, and water off of you, keeping you drier and more comfortable. This is especially true if you plan on using your fat bike to commute since you’ll encounter all sorts of crud on the streets. The good news is that there are some great fat bike-specific options out there.

See our great selection of fenders here.


When riding in the winter, it’s important to carry extra gear, especially extra clothing, to be prepared for whatever might come your way. Bags need to be bigger because winter riding gear is bulky (apparel, tubes, etc). Fortunately, there are great frame and seat bag options that allow you to carry all of your necessary gear. And don’t forget extra food!

See our great selection of cycling bags here.


Hydration is one of the biggest challenges of winter riding. Many riders underestimate the importance of hydration in the winter because the temps are so low and it doesn’t take long for a water bottle to turn into an ice cube. But any time you exercise, no matter the season, you need to keep hydration in mind and replace water and electrolytes. Many companies offer insulated hydration packs that have an insulated hose and bag to keep the water from freezing. In extreme cold, insulation might not be enough to prevent freezing. One of the most effective ways to keep a water bottle from freezing is to keep the bottle in a jersey pocket next to your body and add the rest of your layers on top of the jersey – this way the bottle is kept from freezing by using the rider’s body heat.

See our great selection of bottles, cages, and hydration packs here.

Now get out there and ride!

Winter cycling can be a ton of fun. It is a completely different style of riding. But you’ll enjoy it a lot more if you are prepared with the right gear. Swing by your local ERIK’S and let us get you geared up to ride in the tundra and enjoy it!